Do I Need to Go to Conventions as a Publisher?

Well, today is Gen Con exhibitor setup day so normally I would be covered in sweat in the Indianapolis summer heat pulling muscles I didn’t know I had while setting up my booth for the big show, but I didn’t go at all this year so instead, I’m in an air conditioned apartment writing this to you. We have had an Overworld Games booth at Gen Con for the previous 3 years, and for a couple years before that, I went to the show to demo our games and learn more about the industry.

Will I miss not going? From a nostalgia perspective, heck yeah. I don’t get to hang out with my convention friends or immerse myself in the gaming culture that gathers there — plus, I missed that moment where I get to see the beautiful Indianapolis Convention Center carpet for the first time.

But from a business perspective, I won’t really miss it. I won’t get the face-to-face networking time with industry colleagues and potential localization, manufacturing, or game design partners, but I can accomplish 90% of that through email. We don’t have a game coming out this month so we won’t be missing out on many sales or a lot of buzz because of it. I’ll admit that we are missing out on that incredibly hard to calculate brand awareness improvement we would get out there, but I don’t worry too much about things I can’t calculate. So overall, I figure it just didn’t make sense to go this year and I’m glad I’m skipping it. Here’s why.

Booth Cost

The costs of having a booth at a convention are immense if it’s not local to you. For each 10ft x 10ft square in the exhibition hall at Gen Con (~70,000 attendees), it will be about $1600. You can get a deal if it’s your first year and you get into the Entrepreneurs’ Avenue, but it will still be at least $1000, even for that. If you go to a smaller convention, it will be much cheaper. Our booth at a local convention with 2300 attendees earlier this year was $200 for 4 days, so then it becomes more of a time investment than a financial investment.

Freight Shipping

Freight shipping games to the convention will cost hundreds of dollars and will likely eat up any profit you would make from sales. If you have games you didn’t sell, don’t forget you’ll have to ship them back too. If you live close enough to get yourself a truck and drive them there yourself, you’ll save some money on both ends and estimating correctly won’t be as critical.

And man, it’s surprisingly hard to estimate how many games you’re going to sell! It depends on so many factors. Over the last 3 years at Gen Con, we have sold between 50-200 games each year, depending on how hot the games are, how much attention our releases get in pre-con media, and the types of games we’re selling there. At a con like the 2300 attendee one I mentioned, I’ll sell more like 20-30 games over a weekend.

I usually ship too many games when I exhibit at a con, so that’s something I need to improve. I gotta remember that it’s not that bad to be short because people can find your game somewhere if they can’t get it at the show and having a sold out game is exciting news that helps promote your game. Shipping is so expensive so you need to spend some serious time estimating how many you’ll sell to reduce those costs as much as possible.

Booth Volunteers

If you get a 10ft x 10ft booth and you’re a small company, you’ll probably want 2 people there at all times. One person can demo and the other person can sell. Having 3 allows for easier bathroom breaks, meals, handling rushes, and general stress reduction. Doing ~4 hour shifts seems to work pretty well so people don’t get burned out and they can go enjoy the convention for part of each day. My first year, I made the rookie mistake of running the booth all by myself. That was a disaster (ha!), but luckily Noah from GameTrayz bailed me out and pitched in to help for most of the con. You will have to decide if your time is best spent at the booth or at other convention activities.

We have paid for help at cons by giving a couple free games, free exhibitor badges, a meal each day, and sometimes lodging. Lately the debate over whether booth helpers are volunteers or contractors/employees has been heating up, but the line of delineation is very blurry. Whatever you do for compensation, it will add to your expenses in some way unless you have some very generous friends.

Flights and Hotel

If you’re flying to the convention, you’ll spend a few hundred dollars on a plane ticket and then hotel rooms add up too. In the Gen Con hotel block, you’ll probably pay about $800 per room for the full 5 days. Whichever convention you go to, you can usually find a far cheaper room further away, but the last thing you want to do on the long, exhausting exhibiting days is get up early to travel to the convention center.

Other Costs

You’ll likely be buying some things like signs, tablecloths, flyers, and you may have to pay for vendor liability insurance (you’ll pay about $90 for that at Gen Con). I’ll usually buy my signs from buildasign.com for about $75 each and I’ll get tablecloths and other supplies from Amazon. You might pay for extra tables, chairs, or other furniture as well. A smaller convention might give you that for free but a convention like Gen Con will charge you ridiculous amounts of money for tables and chairs, so much that it would be cheaper for you to buy what you need from Walmart or Ikea and then give it away after the convention.

All in all, you can easily spend $5000 to exhibit at a major convention. How many games will you have to sell to make up for that? If you make $10 profit on a game, you need to sell 500 of them to break even and only the biggest hits will do that — most games will be lucky to sell 50 copies. So don’t worry too much about making money because conventions are mainly just a marketing expense. These are expenses that you can deduct from your taxes too, so make sure you keep track of exactly how much you’re spending.

Value

Overall, despite all these costs, going to conventions provides a lot of value too. You get to have face-to-face interaction with folks in all parts of the industry, which builds a stronger connection than communicating online. You create greater brand awareness from people seeing that you’re exhibiting or attending and that allows people to learn more about you, your products, and your company. You can also build up buzz for upcoming games or feed the buzz for existing ones.

But is it worth all the time you’ll spend preparing for it, going to it, and all the costs above? In my opinion… sometimes. There’s no question that going to a convention will move your company forward in some ways, it’s just whether the costs make it worth it for you at the time the convention hits. What I mainly wanted to get across here is: Even though you’ll feel peer pressure to go to a big con, you never need to go. You can redirect all that time and money you would be spending on a convention into development or just avoid those expenses entirely.

So what do you think? Is it worth it?

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What Should I Name My Game?

Finding the right name for your product, company, book or band is extremely important. After all, you’ll be pouring a lot of time and money into making it as immensely successful as it is in your imagination. So if I’ve just designed a game or started a YouTube channel, what should I name it? This question is fresh in my mind because I realized that our podcast name, The Forbidden Limb, isn’t effective, for a variety of reasons. The main reasons are:

  • It’s hard to spell. Most people fail to spell “forbidden” correctly on the first try. If someone hears it verbally from their friend, they might Google it as “forbiden lim” or something else that won’t get them to us.
  • It doesn’t describe our content. We discuss the business side of the board-game industry. Nothing that suggests or implies board games or the business is in that name. When we pop up on The Dice Tower feed, some people who would be interested in our content don’t click on the link because they don’t have a clue about what we’re about. At the same time, many who have no interest in us might click on it, start watching it, and be extremely bored.
  • It’s hard to remember. “The Forbidden Limb” is a made-up phrase that no one has probably ever used before us, so it doesn’t spring to mind when someone is trying to recall the name of their new favorite podcast. If we were the “Two Birds with One Stone” podcast, even though it has nothing to do with our content, people will have a better chance remembering it because they’ve all used the phrase “kill two birds with one stone.”

Why did we choose it in the first place? I started using it a few years ago when I was making YouTube videos on board-game strategy. At the time, I knew nothing about branding. I used it because I thought it sounded unique. It made me imagine what a forbidden limb might look like, or why one might exist. Since I built a small following with it, I thought it would be nice to keep using it and convert some of those “fans” to the new show as an initial foundation. I’m still happy with that decision, but now it’s time to go with something more appropriate. So, ladies and gentlemen, our new name is…. Board Game Business Podcast!

Beyond the podcast, we go through this every time we design or publish a new product at Overworld Games. Once we choose the theme, we need to name it something that is both marketable and appropriate for the feel of the game and our existing product line. For us, having a name that appeals to large retailers is part of our long-term business strategy, so we also consider that before choosing. In our podcast episode on this topic, Jeremy suggested that you ensure that your name makes sense in other languages if you hope to enter into partnerships with international publishers.

We are slightly regretting naming our US Prohibition game “Booze Barons”, because I’m not sure whether a store like Target would carry a product with a slang term for alcohol in the title. During our Kickstarter campaign for it, we asked our previous campaign backers for reasons why they may not back Booze Barons, and a surprising number of them said they didn’t want to play or support an alcohol-related product. You can see in the chart that over 40% stated the theme as one of the reasons they did not intend to back us.

reasons_for_not_backing_bb

 

It’s also important to ensure that the name you choose is not already used by other products or companies in your industry. If it is, you may confuse your customers or get into legal trouble. If someone else has your name trademarked, you need to keep looking for another name. A fantastic way to see if your name is already taken is by going to KnowEm.com. You can use other sites, but I like this one because it checks social media and domain availability as well.

In the end, a name is important, but don’t let it stop you from creating something. When you’re first playing around with an idea, just name it anything and keep moving. Once you know your creation will be sticking around, you can spend more time finding the perfect name. If you chose the wrong one, like we did, it will become clear before long. Then you can change it to something better.

What are some other features of a game’s name that are important to you?

For a deeper discussion on branding, listen to our podcast episode on the topic or watch the video below.